E-ISSN 2534-9821
 

Case Report 


GIANT BLADDER STONE IN A PATIENT WITH VESICOVAGINAL FISTULA CAUSED BY BLADDER WALL ISCHEMIA DUE TO UNASSISTED PROLONGED LABOR IN THE AMAZON JUNGLE

Anderson Alan Cambraia Cardoso, Alberto de Souza Paes, Thiago Afonso Carvalho Celestino Teixeira.

Abstract
INTRODUCTION: Bladder stones are the most common manifestation of lower urinary tract lithiasis, accounting for 5% of urinary tract stones and almost 1.5% of urological hospitalizations. However, giant vesical stones - weighing more than 100g - are increasingly rare. REPORT: A 65-year-old woman, with no chronic diseases - neither congenital nor acquired, menopaused, G5P5A0, developed a long term vesico-vaginal fistula due to unassisted labor in amazon jungle inlands. Later on a failed surgical attempt to correct it ultimately led to the development of a giant bladder stone, weighting more than 270g in its larger fragment. CONCLUSION: Poor health care assistance was the main cause of each and every complication leading to another, as described. Though uncommon in females, giant bladder stones usually benefit from contaminated environments with altered urinary flow, conditions provided by the patients anatomy.

Key words: Giant Bladder Stone, Vesico-vaginal fistula, Prolonged Labour,


 
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Pubmed Style

Cardoso AAC, Paes AdS, Teixeira TACC. GIANT BLADDER STONE IN A PATIENT WITH VESICOVAGINAL FISTULA CAUSED BY BLADDER WALL ISCHEMIA DUE TO UNASSISTED PROLONGED LABOR IN THE AMAZON JUNGLE. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2018; 2(3): 82-84. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.giant-bladder-stone-vesicovaginal-fistula


Web Style

Cardoso AAC, Paes AdS, Teixeira TACC. GIANT BLADDER STONE IN A PATIENT WITH VESICOVAGINAL FISTULA CAUSED BY BLADDER WALL ISCHEMIA DUE TO UNASSISTED PROLONGED LABOR IN THE AMAZON JUNGLE. http://mdpub.net/?mno=302643031 [Access: December 19, 2018]. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.giant-bladder-stone-vesicovaginal-fistula


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Cardoso AAC, Paes AdS, Teixeira TACC. GIANT BLADDER STONE IN A PATIENT WITH VESICOVAGINAL FISTULA CAUSED BY BLADDER WALL ISCHEMIA DUE TO UNASSISTED PROLONGED LABOR IN THE AMAZON JUNGLE. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2018; 2(3): 82-84. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.giant-bladder-stone-vesicovaginal-fistula



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Cardoso AAC, Paes AdS, Teixeira TACC. GIANT BLADDER STONE IN A PATIENT WITH VESICOVAGINAL FISTULA CAUSED BY BLADDER WALL ISCHEMIA DUE TO UNASSISTED PROLONGED LABOR IN THE AMAZON JUNGLE. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. (2018), [cited December 19, 2018]; 2(3): 82-84. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.giant-bladder-stone-vesicovaginal-fistula



Harvard Style

Cardoso, A. A. C., Paes, . A. d. S. & Teixeira, . T. A. C. C. (2018) GIANT BLADDER STONE IN A PATIENT WITH VESICOVAGINAL FISTULA CAUSED BY BLADDER WALL ISCHEMIA DUE TO UNASSISTED PROLONGED LABOR IN THE AMAZON JUNGLE. Int J Med Rev Case Rep, 2 (3), 82-84. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.giant-bladder-stone-vesicovaginal-fistula



Turabian Style

Cardoso, Anderson Alan Cambraia, Alberto de Souza Paes, and Thiago Afonso Carvalho Celestino Teixeira. 2018. GIANT BLADDER STONE IN A PATIENT WITH VESICOVAGINAL FISTULA CAUSED BY BLADDER WALL ISCHEMIA DUE TO UNASSISTED PROLONGED LABOR IN THE AMAZON JUNGLE. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 2 (3), 82-84. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.giant-bladder-stone-vesicovaginal-fistula



Chicago Style

Cardoso, Anderson Alan Cambraia, Alberto de Souza Paes, and Thiago Afonso Carvalho Celestino Teixeira. "GIANT BLADDER STONE IN A PATIENT WITH VESICOVAGINAL FISTULA CAUSED BY BLADDER WALL ISCHEMIA DUE TO UNASSISTED PROLONGED LABOR IN THE AMAZON JUNGLE." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 2 (2018), 82-84. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.giant-bladder-stone-vesicovaginal-fistula



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Cardoso, Anderson Alan Cambraia, Alberto de Souza Paes, and Thiago Afonso Carvalho Celestino Teixeira. "GIANT BLADDER STONE IN A PATIENT WITH VESICOVAGINAL FISTULA CAUSED BY BLADDER WALL ISCHEMIA DUE TO UNASSISTED PROLONGED LABOR IN THE AMAZON JUNGLE." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 2.3 (2018), 82-84. Print. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.giant-bladder-stone-vesicovaginal-fistula



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Cardoso, A. A. C., Paes, . A. d. S. & Teixeira, . T. A. C. C. (2018) GIANT BLADDER STONE IN A PATIENT WITH VESICOVAGINAL FISTULA CAUSED BY BLADDER WALL ISCHEMIA DUE TO UNASSISTED PROLONGED LABOR IN THE AMAZON JUNGLE. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 2 (3), 82-84. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.giant-bladder-stone-vesicovaginal-fistula