E-ISSN 2534-9821
 

Review Article 


Pelvic osteotomies for DDH treatment in pediatric patients: assessment of risk factors

Viktor Filipchuk, Vasyl Suvorov.

Abstract
Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH) is the common hip pathology in pediatric orthopedistís practice. Without treatment, DDH leads to early-onset hip arthritis. In non-walking patients, excellent results may be achieved with non-surgical treatment, but in walking patients, surgical treatment is considered usually. Among all surgical options, applications of pelvic osteotomies give predictably better results. Few pelvic osteotomies (Salter, Dega, and Pemberton osteotomies) are widely used for DDH treatment in pediatric patients, but a better one hasnít been determined. Suggested risk factors that may lead to unsatisfactory results are the patient's age and the preoperative acetabular deformityís degree. Avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head is the commonest and most harmful complication. It is supposed that adding the proximal femoral shortening osteotomy may decrease it. This systematic review aimed to 1) to reveal the better one pelvic osteotomy in terms of results; 2) to establish the impact of patientís age and preoperative acetabular deformityís degree on results after the abovementioned pelvic osteotomies; 3) to reveal the impact of additional proximal femoral shortening osteotomy on postoperative AVN rate. Methods: 51 articles were selected for analysis; patient information was extracted from these articles; statistical processing of these data was performed. Results: in terms of postoperative results, better one pelvic osteotomy wasn't determined; older patientís age (older than 3-4 years old) may lead to worse results after Salter and Dega osteotomies; larger preoperative acetabular deformityís degree may lead to worse results after Pemberton osteotomy; the impact of additional proximal femoral shortening osteotomy on postoperative AVN rate exists but is low and statistically insignificant.
Level of Evidence Ė Level III, therapeutic study.

Key words: Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip, pelvic osteotomy, avascular necrosis of the femoral head, shortening proximal femoral osteotomy, risk factor


 
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Pubmed Style

Filipchuk V, Suvorov V. Pelvic osteotomies for DDH treatment in pediatric patients: assessment of risk factors. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2021; 5(7): 66-77. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Pelvic-osteotomies-ddh-treatment


Web Style

Filipchuk V, Suvorov V. Pelvic osteotomies for DDH treatment in pediatric patients: assessment of risk factors. http://www.mdpub.net/?mno=84796 [Access: October 10, 2021]. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Pelvic-osteotomies-ddh-treatment


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Filipchuk V, Suvorov V. Pelvic osteotomies for DDH treatment in pediatric patients: assessment of risk factors. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2021; 5(7): 66-77. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Pelvic-osteotomies-ddh-treatment



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Filipchuk V, Suvorov V. Pelvic osteotomies for DDH treatment in pediatric patients: assessment of risk factors. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. (2021), [cited October 10, 2021]; 5(7): 66-77. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Pelvic-osteotomies-ddh-treatment



Harvard Style

Filipchuk, V. & Suvorov, . V. (2021) Pelvic osteotomies for DDH treatment in pediatric patients: assessment of risk factors. Int J Med Rev Case Rep, 5 (7), 66-77. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Pelvic-osteotomies-ddh-treatment



Turabian Style

Filipchuk, Viktor, and Vasyl Suvorov. 2021. Pelvic osteotomies for DDH treatment in pediatric patients: assessment of risk factors. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 5 (7), 66-77. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Pelvic-osteotomies-ddh-treatment



Chicago Style

Filipchuk, Viktor, and Vasyl Suvorov. "Pelvic osteotomies for DDH treatment in pediatric patients: assessment of risk factors." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 5 (2021), 66-77. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Pelvic-osteotomies-ddh-treatment



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Filipchuk, Viktor, and Vasyl Suvorov. "Pelvic osteotomies for DDH treatment in pediatric patients: assessment of risk factors." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 5.7 (2021), 66-77. Print. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Pelvic-osteotomies-ddh-treatment



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Filipchuk, V. & Suvorov, . V. (2021) Pelvic osteotomies for DDH treatment in pediatric patients: assessment of risk factors. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 5 (7), 66-77. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Pelvic-osteotomies-ddh-treatment