E-ISSN 2534-9821
 

Original Research 


Selected Body Circumferences and Cardiovascular Parameters among a Nigerian Community Dwellers

Adesola Ojo Ojoawo, Odunayo Theresa Akinola, Olufela Bukayo Abuila, Babatunde Elijah Arayombo.

Abstract
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are number one cause of death globally. The study assessed the relationship between neck, upper, and lower limbs circumferences and cardiovascular parameters among apparently healthy community dwellers in Ile- Ife.
Four hundred participants (175 males and 225 females) >40 years participated in the study. The systolic and diastolic blood pressure were measured with sphygmomanometer; pulse rate was measured with stopwatch, circumferences of the neck, arm, forearm, waist, calf, and hip were measured with tape rule using standard protocol. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Alpha level was set at 0.05
There was a significant relationship between systolic blood pressure and each of neck circumference (r=0.208, p˂0.001), arm circumference (r=.262, p< 0.001), hip circumference (r=.256, p<0.001) and waist circumference (r=.224, p<0.001). There was significant a relationship between diastolic blood pressure and each of neck circumference (r=.251, p<0.001), forearm circumference (r=.230, p<0.001), and waist circumference (r=.191, p<0.001). The study observed further that neck circumference and arm circumference were predictor of systolic blood pressure (Systolic = 74.45 + 0.747 (NKC + 0.848 (Arm Cir); while neck circumference and forearm circumference are predictors of diastolic blood pressure (Diastolic= 43.916 + 0.637(NKC) + 0.686 (Forearm Circ)+.210(ArmCir)+ .050 (Calf Cir)
It can be concluded from the study that the higher the each of neck, arm, forearm, hip, and calf circumferences, the more possibility of an increased systolic and diastolic blood pressure.

Key words: Neck circumference, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, arm circumference


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ojoawo AO, Akinola OT, Abuila OB, Arayombo BE. Selected Body Circumferences and Cardiovascular Parameters among a Nigerian Community Dwellers. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2020; 4(12): 8-15. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Cardiovascular-Parameters-ojo


Web Style

Ojoawo AO, Akinola OT, Abuila OB, Arayombo BE. Selected Body Circumferences and Cardiovascular Parameters among a Nigerian Community Dwellers. http://www.mdpub.net/?mno=94536 [Access: January 10, 2021]. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Cardiovascular-Parameters-ojo


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ojoawo AO, Akinola OT, Abuila OB, Arayombo BE. Selected Body Circumferences and Cardiovascular Parameters among a Nigerian Community Dwellers. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2020; 4(12): 8-15. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Cardiovascular-Parameters-ojo



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ojoawo AO, Akinola OT, Abuila OB, Arayombo BE. Selected Body Circumferences and Cardiovascular Parameters among a Nigerian Community Dwellers. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. (2020), [cited January 10, 2021]; 4(12): 8-15. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Cardiovascular-Parameters-ojo



Harvard Style

Ojoawo, A. O., Akinola, . O. T., Abuila, . O. B. & Arayombo, . B. E. (2020) Selected Body Circumferences and Cardiovascular Parameters among a Nigerian Community Dwellers. Int J Med Rev Case Rep, 4 (12), 8-15. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Cardiovascular-Parameters-ojo



Turabian Style

Ojoawo, Adesola Ojo, Odunayo Theresa Akinola, Olufela Bukayo Abuila, and Babatunde Elijah Arayombo. 2020. Selected Body Circumferences and Cardiovascular Parameters among a Nigerian Community Dwellers. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 4 (12), 8-15. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Cardiovascular-Parameters-ojo



Chicago Style

Ojoawo, Adesola Ojo, Odunayo Theresa Akinola, Olufela Bukayo Abuila, and Babatunde Elijah Arayombo. "Selected Body Circumferences and Cardiovascular Parameters among a Nigerian Community Dwellers." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 4 (2020), 8-15. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Cardiovascular-Parameters-ojo



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ojoawo, Adesola Ojo, Odunayo Theresa Akinola, Olufela Bukayo Abuila, and Babatunde Elijah Arayombo. "Selected Body Circumferences and Cardiovascular Parameters among a Nigerian Community Dwellers." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 4.12 (2020), 8-15. Print. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Cardiovascular-Parameters-ojo



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ojoawo, A. O., Akinola, . O. T., Abuila, . O. B. & Arayombo, . B. E. (2020) Selected Body Circumferences and Cardiovascular Parameters among a Nigerian Community Dwellers. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 4 (12), 8-15. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Cardiovascular-Parameters-ojo