E-ISSN 2534-9821
 

Review Article 


Muslim congregational prayer and COVID19 transmission

Taqi F Hashmi, Ammar Z Aldahe, Miaaz M Zidan.

Abstract
The risk of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID19) transmission is increased by crowded indoor settings. Many sites have been identified in the published medical literature as causes of outbreaks but Muslim congregational prayer areas, mosques or masjids, have unusually not been implicated as outbreak sources to date. This article gives a detailed description of this particular setting and a description of the crowd behavior which may account for this finding. Factors identified include open layout, decreased generation of fomite transmission as a result of the physiology of worship, short duration of worship, low sound levels during worship, linear and directional arrangement of worshipers, rules based filling and emptying dynamics, and localisation of crowds.

Key words: Prayer, COVID19, transmission


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Hashmi TF, Aldahe AZ, Zidan MM, . Muslim congregational prayer and COVID19 transmission. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Muslim-covid-19-transmission


Web Style

Hashmi TF, Aldahe AZ, Zidan MM, . Muslim congregational prayer and COVID19 transmission. http://www.mdpub.net/?mno=104538 [Access: November 03, 2020]. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Muslim-covid-19-transmission


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hashmi TF, Aldahe AZ, Zidan MM, . Muslim congregational prayer and COVID19 transmission. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Muslim-covid-19-transmission



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hashmi TF, Aldahe AZ, Zidan MM, . Muslim congregational prayer and COVID19 transmission. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Muslim-covid-19-transmission



Harvard Style

Hashmi, T. F., Aldahe, A. Z., Zidan, M. M. & (2020) Muslim congregational prayer and COVID19 transmission. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Muslim-covid-19-transmission



Turabian Style

Hashmi, Taqi F, Ammar Z Aldahe, Miaaz M Zidan, and . 2020. Muslim congregational prayer and COVID19 transmission. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Muslim-covid-19-transmission



Chicago Style

Hashmi, Taqi F, Ammar Z Aldahe, Miaaz M Zidan, and . "Muslim congregational prayer and COVID19 transmission." doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Muslim-covid-19-transmission



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Hashmi, Taqi F, Ammar Z Aldahe, Miaaz M Zidan, and . "Muslim congregational prayer and COVID19 transmission." doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Muslim-covid-19-transmission



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hashmi, T. F., Aldahe, A. Z., Zidan, M. M. & (2020) Muslim congregational prayer and COVID19 transmission. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Muslim-covid-19-transmission