E-ISSN 2534-9821
 

Case Report 


PRIMARY SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA OF THE THYROID GLAND - CASE REPORT AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE

Petko Dimov, Daniel Stefanov, Tsvetan Stanimirov, Emilia Naseva.

Abstract
Background
Primary squamous cell carcinoma of the thyroid gland (PSCTC) is a rare malignancy, but demonstrates a very aggressive behaviour and has a poor prognosis. The best treatment is radical surgery and postoperative chemo- and radiotherapy, although there are some reports that this tumour is resistant to conservative therapy.
Patients often present with a large tumour mass on the neck with a solid consistency. Diagnosis is usually set during the operation - on a frozen section.
Case report
We present a case of a 71-year old man with weight loss and rapidly growing neck mass for the last two months. MRI showed a tumour of the left lobe of the thyroid gland, compressing the trachea and the adjacent structures. A left thyroidectomy with isthmectomy has been performed. Frozen section showed primary squamous cell carcinoma. Tumour recurrence two months later led to the second operation with the same effect. The patient died in a couple of months.
Conclusion
Because of its rarity and poor biology, treatment of PSCTC remains unsatisfactory. There are still many challenges on its origin, behaviour and prognostic factors. The results of postoperative chemo- or radiotherapy are controversial.

Key words: squamous cell cancer, thyroid disease, thyroidectomy, life expectancy


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Petko Dimov, Daniel Stefanov, Tsvetan Stanimirov, Emilia Naseva. PRIMARY SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA OF THE THYROID GLAND - CASE REPORT AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2018; 2(1): 4-6. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.PRIMARY-SQUAMOUS-CELL-CARCINOMA-OF-THE-THYROID-GLAND


Web Style

Petko Dimov, Daniel Stefanov, Tsvetan Stanimirov, Emilia Naseva. PRIMARY SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA OF THE THYROID GLAND - CASE REPORT AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE. https://www.mdpub.net/?mno=286068 [Access: May 08, 2022]. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.PRIMARY-SQUAMOUS-CELL-CARCINOMA-OF-THE-THYROID-GLAND


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Petko Dimov, Daniel Stefanov, Tsvetan Stanimirov, Emilia Naseva. PRIMARY SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA OF THE THYROID GLAND - CASE REPORT AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2018; 2(1): 4-6. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.PRIMARY-SQUAMOUS-CELL-CARCINOMA-OF-THE-THYROID-GLAND



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Petko Dimov, Daniel Stefanov, Tsvetan Stanimirov, Emilia Naseva. PRIMARY SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA OF THE THYROID GLAND - CASE REPORT AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. (2018), [cited May 08, 2022]; 2(1): 4-6. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.PRIMARY-SQUAMOUS-CELL-CARCINOMA-OF-THE-THYROID-GLAND



Harvard Style

Petko Dimov, Daniel Stefanov, Tsvetan Stanimirov, Emilia Naseva (2018) PRIMARY SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA OF THE THYROID GLAND - CASE REPORT AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE. Int J Med Rev Case Rep, 2 (1), 4-6. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.PRIMARY-SQUAMOUS-CELL-CARCINOMA-OF-THE-THYROID-GLAND



Turabian Style

Petko Dimov, Daniel Stefanov, Tsvetan Stanimirov, Emilia Naseva. 2018. PRIMARY SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA OF THE THYROID GLAND - CASE REPORT AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 2 (1), 4-6. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.PRIMARY-SQUAMOUS-CELL-CARCINOMA-OF-THE-THYROID-GLAND



Chicago Style

Petko Dimov, Daniel Stefanov, Tsvetan Stanimirov, Emilia Naseva. "PRIMARY SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA OF THE THYROID GLAND - CASE REPORT AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 2 (2018), 4-6. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.PRIMARY-SQUAMOUS-CELL-CARCINOMA-OF-THE-THYROID-GLAND



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Petko Dimov, Daniel Stefanov, Tsvetan Stanimirov, Emilia Naseva. "PRIMARY SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA OF THE THYROID GLAND - CASE REPORT AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 2.1 (2018), 4-6. Print. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.PRIMARY-SQUAMOUS-CELL-CARCINOMA-OF-THE-THYROID-GLAND



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Petko Dimov, Daniel Stefanov, Tsvetan Stanimirov, Emilia Naseva (2018) PRIMARY SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA OF THE THYROID GLAND - CASE REPORT AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 2 (1), 4-6. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.PRIMARY-SQUAMOUS-CELL-CARCINOMA-OF-THE-THYROID-GLAND