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Case Report 


Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) caused by Benzalkonium Chloride (BAC) 15% intoxication

I Gede Eka Handrean, I Made Bagiada, Putu Andrika, I Gede Ketut Sajinadiyasa.

Abstract
Respiratory complications in cases of corrosive intoxication are very common, pneumonia, respiratory tract injury until Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). the most common cause of mortality is the result of tracheal necrosis, oesophagal or gastric perforation followed by mediastinitis or peritonitis. Benzalkonium Chloride (BAC) is a corrosive alkali compound widely used as a disinfectant, topical antiseptic, germicidal and algaecidal, both in housing or hospital use, where the content above or equal to 10% that can give toxic effect if taken or inhaled by a human. This case illustrates how BAC intoxication has a corrosive effect on the digestive tract to the respiratory tract which eventually causes patients to suffer from ARDS by focusing on the right diagnosis and therapy of ARDS.

Key words: ARDS, BAC, Intoxication


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Handrean IGE, Bagiada IM, Andrika P, Sajinadiyasa IGK. Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) caused by Benzalkonium Chloride (BAC) 15% intoxication. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2021; 5(5): 28-32. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.ards-Benzalkonium-Chloride


Web Style

Handrean IGE, Bagiada IM, Andrika P, Sajinadiyasa IGK. Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) caused by Benzalkonium Chloride (BAC) 15% intoxication. http://www.mdpub.net/?mno=30016 [Access: December 31, 2021]. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.ards-Benzalkonium-Chloride


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Handrean IGE, Bagiada IM, Andrika P, Sajinadiyasa IGK. Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) caused by Benzalkonium Chloride (BAC) 15% intoxication. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2021; 5(5): 28-32. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.ards-Benzalkonium-Chloride



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Handrean IGE, Bagiada IM, Andrika P, Sajinadiyasa IGK. Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) caused by Benzalkonium Chloride (BAC) 15% intoxication. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. (2021), [cited December 31, 2021]; 5(5): 28-32. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.ards-Benzalkonium-Chloride



Harvard Style

Handrean, I. G. E., Bagiada, . I. M., Andrika, . P. & Sajinadiyasa, . I. G. K. (2021) Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) caused by Benzalkonium Chloride (BAC) 15% intoxication. Int J Med Rev Case Rep, 5 (5), 28-32. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.ards-Benzalkonium-Chloride



Turabian Style

Handrean, I Gede Eka, I Made Bagiada, Putu Andrika, and I Gede Ketut Sajinadiyasa. 2021. Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) caused by Benzalkonium Chloride (BAC) 15% intoxication. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 5 (5), 28-32. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.ards-Benzalkonium-Chloride



Chicago Style

Handrean, I Gede Eka, I Made Bagiada, Putu Andrika, and I Gede Ketut Sajinadiyasa. "Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) caused by Benzalkonium Chloride (BAC) 15% intoxication." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 5 (2021), 28-32. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.ards-Benzalkonium-Chloride



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Handrean, I Gede Eka, I Made Bagiada, Putu Andrika, and I Gede Ketut Sajinadiyasa. "Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) caused by Benzalkonium Chloride (BAC) 15% intoxication." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 5.5 (2021), 28-32. Print. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.ards-Benzalkonium-Chloride



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Handrean, I. G. E., Bagiada, . I. M., Andrika, . P. & Sajinadiyasa, . I. G. K. (2021) Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) caused by Benzalkonium Chloride (BAC) 15% intoxication. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 5 (5), 28-32. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.ards-Benzalkonium-Chloride