E-ISSN 2534-9821
 

Original Research 


The Association between Excessive Use of Smartphone and Tension Type Headache in High School Student

Adhiyoga Anak Agung Ngurah Agung Santosa, I Putu Eka Widyadharma, Laksmidewi Anak Agung Ayu Putri.

Abstract
Tension Type Headache (TTH) are one of the most common form of primary headache. The presence of headache reported in 80.6% of teenager within age range 14 to 19, with 17.9% in the form of TTH. Easy access to electronic cause worry over its effect on teenager health. Association has been shown between use of telephone and health problems, where 21.65% of subjects reported headache. This research meant to evaluate whether use of electronic device, specifically smartphone within period of time associated with incidence of TTH on teenager. Length of use defined as less or same as 3 hour, and more than 3 hour. This cross-sectional analytic research conducted to whole second year students of National High School 1 Denpasar in form of survey in July 2018. From 129 subjects that responded, 8 subject filled the exclusion criteria, while 22 subjects excluded for filling incorrect or incomplete answer, leaving 99 subjects that fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Subjects age range from 15 to 17 years with standard deviation 0.426. 19 subjects (19.2%) reported TTH. 80 subjects (80.8%) admitted for using smartphone over 3 hour a day. There is no significant association between length of use of electronic device and TTH (Chi-square 2.326, p=0.127; OR 2.38; 95% CI 0.72-7.4).

Key words: TTH, Length of Use, Electronic Device, Smartphone, High School Student


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Santosa AAANA, Widyadharma IPE, Putri LAAA. The Association between Excessive Use of Smartphone and Tension Type Headache in High School Student. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2019; 3(4): 173-176. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.smartphone-tension-type-headache


Web Style

Santosa AAANA, Widyadharma IPE, Putri LAAA. The Association between Excessive Use of Smartphone and Tension Type Headache in High School Student. http://mdpub.net/?mno=30358 [Access: May 27, 2019]. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.smartphone-tension-type-headache


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Santosa AAANA, Widyadharma IPE, Putri LAAA. The Association between Excessive Use of Smartphone and Tension Type Headache in High School Student. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2019; 3(4): 173-176. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.smartphone-tension-type-headache



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Santosa AAANA, Widyadharma IPE, Putri LAAA. The Association between Excessive Use of Smartphone and Tension Type Headache in High School Student. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. (2019), [cited May 27, 2019]; 3(4): 173-176. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.smartphone-tension-type-headache



Harvard Style

Santosa, A. A. A. N. A., Widyadharma, . I. P. E. & Putri, . L. A. A. A. (2019) The Association between Excessive Use of Smartphone and Tension Type Headache in High School Student. Int J Med Rev Case Rep, 3 (4), 173-176. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.smartphone-tension-type-headache



Turabian Style

Santosa, Adhiyoga Anak Agung Ngurah Agung, I Putu Eka Widyadharma, and Laksmidewi Anak Agung Ayu Putri. 2019. The Association between Excessive Use of Smartphone and Tension Type Headache in High School Student. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 3 (4), 173-176. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.smartphone-tension-type-headache



Chicago Style

Santosa, Adhiyoga Anak Agung Ngurah Agung, I Putu Eka Widyadharma, and Laksmidewi Anak Agung Ayu Putri. "The Association between Excessive Use of Smartphone and Tension Type Headache in High School Student." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 3 (2019), 173-176. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.smartphone-tension-type-headache



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Santosa, Adhiyoga Anak Agung Ngurah Agung, I Putu Eka Widyadharma, and Laksmidewi Anak Agung Ayu Putri. "The Association between Excessive Use of Smartphone and Tension Type Headache in High School Student." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 3.4 (2019), 173-176. Print. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.smartphone-tension-type-headache



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Santosa, A. A. A. N. A., Widyadharma, . I. P. E. & Putri, . L. A. A. A. (2019) The Association between Excessive Use of Smartphone and Tension Type Headache in High School Student. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 3 (4), 173-176. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.smartphone-tension-type-headache