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Case Report 


Cerebral Fat Embolism Syndrome: a case report

Salvatore Palmese, Vittorio Caterino, Ilaria Cione, Alessio Galardo, Luigi Pandolfo, Angela Petraglia, Giovanni Santaniello, Antonio Siglioccolo, Giuseppe Calicchio, Renato Gammaldi.

Abstract
Fat embolism syndrome (FES) is a rare syndrome caused by embolization of fat particles into multiple organs including the brain (Cerebral Fat Embolism Syndrome), that can manifest itself in multiple ways, ranging from asymptomatic presentation to respiratory failure, neurocognitive deficits, and death. It typically manifests with petechial rash, deteriorating mental status, and progressive respiratory insufficiency, usually occurring within 2448 h of trauma with long-bone fractures or an orthopedic surgery.
We present the case of a 30-year-old otherwise healthy man with an isolated femoral and radius fracture who developed signs of cerebral fat embolism syndrome (CFES) within 8 hours of injury and prior to any operative treatment.

Key words: Fat Embolism Syndrome, Cerebral Fat Embolism Syndrome, Magnetic resonance imagin, Star field pattern


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Palmese S, Caterino V, Cione I, Galardo A, Pandolfo L, Petraglia A, Santaniello G, Siglioccolo A, Calicchio G, Gammaldi R, . Cerebral Fat Embolism Syndrome: a case report . Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2020; 4(5): 91-93. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Cerebral-Fat-Embolism-Syndrome


Web Style

Palmese S, Caterino V, Cione I, Galardo A, Pandolfo L, Petraglia A, Santaniello G, Siglioccolo A, Calicchio G, Gammaldi R, . Cerebral Fat Embolism Syndrome: a case report . http://www.mdpub.net/?mno=92531 [Access: July 02, 2020]. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Cerebral-Fat-Embolism-Syndrome


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Palmese S, Caterino V, Cione I, Galardo A, Pandolfo L, Petraglia A, Santaniello G, Siglioccolo A, Calicchio G, Gammaldi R, . Cerebral Fat Embolism Syndrome: a case report . Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2020; 4(5): 91-93. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Cerebral-Fat-Embolism-Syndrome



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Palmese S, Caterino V, Cione I, Galardo A, Pandolfo L, Petraglia A, Santaniello G, Siglioccolo A, Calicchio G, Gammaldi R, . Cerebral Fat Embolism Syndrome: a case report . Int J Med Rev Case Rep. (2020), [cited July 02, 2020]; 4(5): 91-93. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Cerebral-Fat-Embolism-Syndrome



Harvard Style

Palmese, S., Caterino, V., Cione, I., Galardo, A., Pandolfo, L., Petraglia, A., Santaniello, G., Siglioccolo, A., Calicchio, G., Gammaldi, R. & (2020) Cerebral Fat Embolism Syndrome: a case report . Int J Med Rev Case Rep, 4 (5), 91-93. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Cerebral-Fat-Embolism-Syndrome



Turabian Style

Palmese, Salvatore, Vittorio Caterino, Ilaria Cione, Alessio Galardo, Luigi Pandolfo, Angela Petraglia, Giovanni Santaniello, Antonio Siglioccolo, Giuseppe Calicchio, Renato Gammaldi, and . 2020. Cerebral Fat Embolism Syndrome: a case report . International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 4 (5), 91-93. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Cerebral-Fat-Embolism-Syndrome



Chicago Style

Palmese, Salvatore, Vittorio Caterino, Ilaria Cione, Alessio Galardo, Luigi Pandolfo, Angela Petraglia, Giovanni Santaniello, Antonio Siglioccolo, Giuseppe Calicchio, Renato Gammaldi, and . "Cerebral Fat Embolism Syndrome: a case report ." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 4 (2020), 91-93. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Cerebral-Fat-Embolism-Syndrome



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Palmese, Salvatore, Vittorio Caterino, Ilaria Cione, Alessio Galardo, Luigi Pandolfo, Angela Petraglia, Giovanni Santaniello, Antonio Siglioccolo, Giuseppe Calicchio, Renato Gammaldi, and . "Cerebral Fat Embolism Syndrome: a case report ." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 4.5 (2020), 91-93. Print. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Cerebral-Fat-Embolism-Syndrome



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Palmese, S., Caterino, V., Cione, I., Galardo, A., Pandolfo, L., Petraglia, A., Santaniello, G., Siglioccolo, A., Calicchio, G., Gammaldi, R. & (2020) Cerebral Fat Embolism Syndrome: a case report . International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 4 (5), 91-93. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Cerebral-Fat-Embolism-Syndrome