E-ISSN 2534-9821
 

Original Research 


Association between microalbuminuria and hypertension among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi, North Central, Nigeria

Monday Ogiator, Joseph Ojobi, Ochoche Ijachi, Paul Asor.

Abstract
Diabetes Mellitus is a global non-communicable disease. Nephropathy is a common complication of diabetes mellitus and a leading cause of end stage renal disease. Micro-albuminuria is the earliest sign of renal involvement in patients with type 2 DM. Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular events, a common cause of morbidity and mortality in these patients.
Objective. To determine the association between micro-albuminuria and hypertension in type 2 diabetic patients attending clinic at Benue State University Teaching Hospital (BSUTH), Makurdi, Nigeria
Methods: Ninety three type 2 diabetic patients attending the diabetic clinic at Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi were screened for microalbuminuria and elevated blood pressure.
Results: Sixty (64.5%) patients had normoalbumunria and thirty three (35.5%) had microalbuminuria. The result also revealed a higher blood pressure in patients with microalbuminuria.
Conclusion: The study revealed a higher prevalence of hypertension among patients with micro-albuminuria in type 2 diabetic patients, therefore emphasizing the need for early detection and treatment of microalbuminuria which will halt or delay progression to end stage renal disease and improve outcome in the management of diabetic patients.

Key words: Microalbuminuria, Hypertension, Type 2 Diabetes mellitus


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ogiator M, Ojobi J, Ijachi O, Asor P. Association between microalbuminuria and hypertension among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi, North Central, Nigeria. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2020; 4(5): 24-28. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.microalbuminuria-diabetes-hypertension


Web Style

Ogiator M, Ojobi J, Ijachi O, Asor P. Association between microalbuminuria and hypertension among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi, North Central, Nigeria. http://www.mdpub.net/?mno=93529 [Access: July 02, 2020]. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.microalbuminuria-diabetes-hypertension


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ogiator M, Ojobi J, Ijachi O, Asor P. Association between microalbuminuria and hypertension among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi, North Central, Nigeria. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2020; 4(5): 24-28. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.microalbuminuria-diabetes-hypertension



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ogiator M, Ojobi J, Ijachi O, Asor P. Association between microalbuminuria and hypertension among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi, North Central, Nigeria. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. (2020), [cited July 02, 2020]; 4(5): 24-28. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.microalbuminuria-diabetes-hypertension



Harvard Style

Ogiator, M., Ojobi, . J., Ijachi, . O. & Asor, . P. (2020) Association between microalbuminuria and hypertension among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi, North Central, Nigeria. Int J Med Rev Case Rep, 4 (5), 24-28. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.microalbuminuria-diabetes-hypertension



Turabian Style

Ogiator, Monday, Joseph Ojobi, Ochoche Ijachi, and Paul Asor. 2020. Association between microalbuminuria and hypertension among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi, North Central, Nigeria. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 4 (5), 24-28. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.microalbuminuria-diabetes-hypertension



Chicago Style

Ogiator, Monday, Joseph Ojobi, Ochoche Ijachi, and Paul Asor. "Association between microalbuminuria and hypertension among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi, North Central, Nigeria." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 4 (2020), 24-28. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.microalbuminuria-diabetes-hypertension



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ogiator, Monday, Joseph Ojobi, Ochoche Ijachi, and Paul Asor. "Association between microalbuminuria and hypertension among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi, North Central, Nigeria." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 4.5 (2020), 24-28. Print. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.microalbuminuria-diabetes-hypertension



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ogiator, M., Ojobi, . J., Ijachi, . O. & Asor, . P. (2020) Association between microalbuminuria and hypertension among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi, North Central, Nigeria. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 4 (5), 24-28. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.microalbuminuria-diabetes-hypertension