E-ISSN 2534-9821
 

Original Research 


Biochemical liver changes among critically ill intensive care unit patients hospitalized with COVID-19

Mohammed Makkawi, Sultan Alasmari, Mutaib M Mashraqi, Saleh Alshamrani, Ahmed A Alshehri, Nashwa Eisa, Saleh Alqahtani, Mustafa Alqahtani.

Abstract
Objectives: This study aimed to examine the effect of COVID-19 on liver function in intensive care unit (ICU) patients to better understand the hepatic condition in severe cases.
Methods: This retrospective study considered the results of liver function tests from ICU patients aged 30-90 years who were diagnosed with COVID-19 at Asir Central Hospital, Asir Region, Saudi Arabia during the months of October and November 2020. Patients were compared to a control group using the Mann–Whitney U test.
Results: Biochemical tests revealed several differences in COVID-19 patients compared to healthy controls. Alanine transferase, aspartate transferase, gamma-glutamyltransferase, and lactate dehydrogenase all exhibited significant elevation among patients. Total protein and albumin levels were reduced. Alkaline phosphatase levels were not statistically different between groups. Analysis of total and direct bilirubin revealed a significant increase only in direct bilirubin.
Conclusion: Hepatocellular injury is prevalent in critically ill COVID-19 patients (e.g. ICU patients). This study illustrated several altered parameters that can possibly predict disease severity and serve as biomarkers for liver injury.

Key words: liver biomarkers, liver injury, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, intensive care unit (ICU)


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Makkawi M, Alasmari S, Mashraqi MM, Alshamrani S, Alshehri AA, Eisa N, Alqahtani S, Alqahtani M. Biochemical liver changes among critically ill intensive care unit patients hospitalized with COVID-19. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2021; 5(5): 109-112. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.liver-changes-intensive-care


Web Style

Makkawi M, Alasmari S, Mashraqi MM, Alshamrani S, Alshehri AA, Eisa N, Alqahtani S, Alqahtani M. Biochemical liver changes among critically ill intensive care unit patients hospitalized with COVID-19. https://www.mdpub.net/?mno=77328 [Access: July 30, 2022]. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.liver-changes-intensive-care


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Makkawi M, Alasmari S, Mashraqi MM, Alshamrani S, Alshehri AA, Eisa N, Alqahtani S, Alqahtani M. Biochemical liver changes among critically ill intensive care unit patients hospitalized with COVID-19. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2021; 5(5): 109-112. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.liver-changes-intensive-care



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Makkawi M, Alasmari S, Mashraqi MM, Alshamrani S, Alshehri AA, Eisa N, Alqahtani S, Alqahtani M. Biochemical liver changes among critically ill intensive care unit patients hospitalized with COVID-19. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. (2021), [cited July 30, 2022]; 5(5): 109-112. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.liver-changes-intensive-care



Harvard Style

Makkawi, M., Alasmari, . S., Mashraqi, . M. M., Alshamrani, . S., Alshehri, . A. A., Eisa, . N., Alqahtani, . S. & Alqahtani, . M. (2021) Biochemical liver changes among critically ill intensive care unit patients hospitalized with COVID-19. Int J Med Rev Case Rep, 5 (5), 109-112. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.liver-changes-intensive-care



Turabian Style

Makkawi, Mohammed, Sultan Alasmari, Mutaib M Mashraqi, Saleh Alshamrani, Ahmed A Alshehri, Nashwa Eisa, Saleh Alqahtani, and Mustafa Alqahtani. 2021. Biochemical liver changes among critically ill intensive care unit patients hospitalized with COVID-19. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 5 (5), 109-112. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.liver-changes-intensive-care



Chicago Style

Makkawi, Mohammed, Sultan Alasmari, Mutaib M Mashraqi, Saleh Alshamrani, Ahmed A Alshehri, Nashwa Eisa, Saleh Alqahtani, and Mustafa Alqahtani. "Biochemical liver changes among critically ill intensive care unit patients hospitalized with COVID-19." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 5 (2021), 109-112. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.liver-changes-intensive-care



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Makkawi, Mohammed, Sultan Alasmari, Mutaib M Mashraqi, Saleh Alshamrani, Ahmed A Alshehri, Nashwa Eisa, Saleh Alqahtani, and Mustafa Alqahtani. "Biochemical liver changes among critically ill intensive care unit patients hospitalized with COVID-19." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 5.5 (2021), 109-112. Print. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.liver-changes-intensive-care



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Makkawi, M., Alasmari, . S., Mashraqi, . M. M., Alshamrani, . S., Alshehri, . A. A., Eisa, . N., Alqahtani, . S. & Alqahtani, . M. (2021) Biochemical liver changes among critically ill intensive care unit patients hospitalized with COVID-19. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 5 (5), 109-112. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.liver-changes-intensive-care