E-ISSN 2534-9821
 

Case Report 


Hyperactive Delirium Management Due to Electrolyte Imbalance in Geriatric Patients

Putu Juni Wulandari, R.A. Tuty Kuswardhani.

Abstract
Delirium is a serious and common acute neuropsychiatric syndrome in the elderly, characterized by disturbances in consciousness, memory, orientation, perception, thought, and behaviour, fluctuating course and acute onset. The etiologies of delirium are multifactorial and diverse and often reflect the consequences of acute medical conditions, disease complications or drug intoxication. Delirium can have a variable presentation and need instruments that can improve detection and diagnosis. Understanding the aetiology, assessment, and systematic detection and treatment programs appear to be beneficial for the elderly. We present the case of female 70 years old with altered mental status after her family noted a change in the patient's behaviour. For the past few days, the patient's appetite waned, and she became agitated. Previously the patient had experienced diarrhoea for several days. After a comprehensive evaluation, the patient was diagnosed with hyperactive delirium due to electrolyte disturbances (hyponatremia and hypokalemia). Treatment is done by improving sodium and potassium levels and administering haloperidol. We discuss the presentation and management of this patient and review the treatment options of hyperactive delirium due to hyponatremia and hypokalemia.

Key words: delirium, treatment, hyponatremia, elderly


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Putu Juni Wulandari
Articles by R.A. Tuty Kuswardhani
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Wulandari PJ, Kuswardhani RT. Hyperactive Delirium Management Due to Electrolyte Imbalance in Geriatric Patients. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2022; 6(2): 35-40. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.HyperactiveDeliriumManagementDuetoElectrolyteImbalanceinGeriatricPatients


Web Style

Wulandari PJ, Kuswardhani RT. Hyperactive Delirium Management Due to Electrolyte Imbalance in Geriatric Patients. https://www.mdpub.net/?mno=123506 [Access: September 11, 2022]. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.HyperactiveDeliriumManagementDuetoElectrolyteImbalanceinGeriatricPatients


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Wulandari PJ, Kuswardhani RT. Hyperactive Delirium Management Due to Electrolyte Imbalance in Geriatric Patients. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2022; 6(2): 35-40. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.HyperactiveDeliriumManagementDuetoElectrolyteImbalanceinGeriatricPatients



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Wulandari PJ, Kuswardhani RT. Hyperactive Delirium Management Due to Electrolyte Imbalance in Geriatric Patients. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. (2022), [cited September 11, 2022]; 6(2): 35-40. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.HyperactiveDeliriumManagementDuetoElectrolyteImbalanceinGeriatricPatients



Harvard Style

Wulandari, P. J. & Kuswardhani, . R. T. (2022) Hyperactive Delirium Management Due to Electrolyte Imbalance in Geriatric Patients. Int J Med Rev Case Rep, 6 (2), 35-40. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.HyperactiveDeliriumManagementDuetoElectrolyteImbalanceinGeriatricPatients



Turabian Style

Wulandari, Putu Juni, and R.A. Tuty Kuswardhani. 2022. Hyperactive Delirium Management Due to Electrolyte Imbalance in Geriatric Patients. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 6 (2), 35-40. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.HyperactiveDeliriumManagementDuetoElectrolyteImbalanceinGeriatricPatients



Chicago Style

Wulandari, Putu Juni, and R.A. Tuty Kuswardhani. "Hyperactive Delirium Management Due to Electrolyte Imbalance in Geriatric Patients." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 6 (2022), 35-40. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.HyperactiveDeliriumManagementDuetoElectrolyteImbalanceinGeriatricPatients



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Wulandari, Putu Juni, and R.A. Tuty Kuswardhani. "Hyperactive Delirium Management Due to Electrolyte Imbalance in Geriatric Patients." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 6.2 (2022), 35-40. Print. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.HyperactiveDeliriumManagementDuetoElectrolyteImbalanceinGeriatricPatients



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Wulandari, P. J. & Kuswardhani, . R. T. (2022) Hyperactive Delirium Management Due to Electrolyte Imbalance in Geriatric Patients. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 6 (2), 35-40. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.HyperactiveDeliriumManagementDuetoElectrolyteImbalanceinGeriatricPatients