E-ISSN 2534-9821
 

Original Research 


A one year study of spectrum of ocular lesions in a tertiary care centre

Ashwini Natekar, Megha Kinake, Shweta Watane, Snehal Chavhan, Sanjay Bijwe.

Abstract
Introduction:
Ophthalmic pathology is a subspecialty of histopathology that deals with the diagnosis and characterization of eye diseases. Ophthalmic pathologists study tissues excised by ophthalmologists through evisceration, enucleation and other small biopsies. Ophthalmic lesions include a wide spectrum of lesions ranging from benign, and premalignant to malignant lesions. The diagnosis of these lesions is based on the clinical as well as histopathological features.
Aim:
This study was conducted to evaluate the histomorphological and clinicopathological spectrum of ophthalmic lesions at a tertiary care hospital.
Materials and Methods:
An observational prospective study was carried out in the Department of Pathology from January 2018 to September 2018. A total of 40 specimens of the orbit-ocular region were obtained from in-ward patients of the ophthalmology department. These were studied as per epidemiological and histomorphological data.
Results:
We studied a total of 40 histopathological specimens in the age group of 2 years to 82 years with a bimodal distribution. The male to female ratio was 2:1. Around 27.5% of lesions were seen in <20 years of age. Clinical diagnosis was not consistent with histopathological diagnosis in approximately 17.5% of cases. The non-neoplastic, benign, pre-malignant (OSSN), malignant lesions were 52.5%, 20%, 10%,17.5% respectively. Retinoblastoma (2 cases) and Uveal choroidal malignant melanoma (2 cases) formed 25% of all malignant lesions each, followed by Adenoid cystic carcinoma (1 case), Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SSC) (1 case) and Sebaceous carcinoma (1 case).
Conclusion:
1. OSSN is a low-grade malignancy with an overall good prognosis. The most common prognostic factor is the presence of neoplastic cells in the margin, hence an early diagnosis by histopathology can prevent a recurrence.
2. 17.5% of cases do not show a clinicohistopathological correlation. This suggests that histopathology is still the gold standard for the diagnosis of ocular lesions.

Key words: Eviseration, Enucleation, Squamous Cell carcinoma, Retinoblastoma


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Natekar A, Kinake M, Watane S, Chavhan S, Bijwe S. A one year study of spectrum of ocular lesions in a tertiary care centre. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2022; 6(3): 66-70. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.AONEYEARSTUDYOFSPECTRUMOFOCULARLESIONS


Web Style

Natekar A, Kinake M, Watane S, Chavhan S, Bijwe S. A one year study of spectrum of ocular lesions in a tertiary care centre. https://www.mdpub.net/?mno=126627 [Access: September 11, 2022]. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.AONEYEARSTUDYOFSPECTRUMOFOCULARLESIONS


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Natekar A, Kinake M, Watane S, Chavhan S, Bijwe S. A one year study of spectrum of ocular lesions in a tertiary care centre. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2022; 6(3): 66-70. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.AONEYEARSTUDYOFSPECTRUMOFOCULARLESIONS



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Natekar A, Kinake M, Watane S, Chavhan S, Bijwe S. A one year study of spectrum of ocular lesions in a tertiary care centre. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. (2022), [cited September 11, 2022]; 6(3): 66-70. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.AONEYEARSTUDYOFSPECTRUMOFOCULARLESIONS



Harvard Style

Natekar, A., Kinake, . M., Watane, . S., Chavhan, . S. & Bijwe, . S. (2022) A one year study of spectrum of ocular lesions in a tertiary care centre. Int J Med Rev Case Rep, 6 (3), 66-70. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.AONEYEARSTUDYOFSPECTRUMOFOCULARLESIONS



Turabian Style

Natekar, Ashwini, Megha Kinake, Shweta Watane, Snehal Chavhan, and Sanjay Bijwe. 2022. A one year study of spectrum of ocular lesions in a tertiary care centre. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 6 (3), 66-70. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.AONEYEARSTUDYOFSPECTRUMOFOCULARLESIONS



Chicago Style

Natekar, Ashwini, Megha Kinake, Shweta Watane, Snehal Chavhan, and Sanjay Bijwe. "A one year study of spectrum of ocular lesions in a tertiary care centre." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 6 (2022), 66-70. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.AONEYEARSTUDYOFSPECTRUMOFOCULARLESIONS



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Natekar, Ashwini, Megha Kinake, Shweta Watane, Snehal Chavhan, and Sanjay Bijwe. "A one year study of spectrum of ocular lesions in a tertiary care centre." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 6.3 (2022), 66-70. Print. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.AONEYEARSTUDYOFSPECTRUMOFOCULARLESIONS



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Natekar, A., Kinake, . M., Watane, . S., Chavhan, . S. & Bijwe, . S. (2022) A one year study of spectrum of ocular lesions in a tertiary care centre. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 6 (3), 66-70. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.AONEYEARSTUDYOFSPECTRUMOFOCULARLESIONS