E-ISSN 2534-9821
 

Case Report 


Spontaneous splenic rupture secondary to salmonella bacteraemia: a case report and review of literature

Tommy McKitterick, Anand Trivedi, James Richard Waldron.

Abstract
Introduction:
Spontaneous splenic rupture without any history of trauma is a rare and under-recognized entity in patients presenting with acute abdomen. This is a life threatening condition seen in association with various haematological malignancies, medications and blood stream infections.
Case presentation:
We report the case of a ninety-four-year-old male who presented to a regional Australian Hospital with abdominal pain, fever and hypotension. Imaging revealed splenic rupture. Salmonella Typhi was isolated on blood and peritoneal cultures. The patient’s Salmonella exposure was likely related to frequent consumption of raw eggs. He was managed conservatively with intravenous antibiotics to treat salmonella bacteraemia. Unfortunately, the patient died prior to discharge.
Discussion:
Salmonella bacteraemia is an uncommon cause of splenic rupture. Timely diagnosis and identification of the underlying aetiology of splenic rupture is essential for targeted management of such patients.
Conclusion:
Spontaneous splenic rupture is a rare and potentially life threatening disorder which should be considered in the differential diagnosis of acute abdomen, regardless of any occurrence of trauma. Early recognition of this condition is essential to prevent the associated morbidity and mortality.

Key words: case report, Splenic rupture, Salmonella


 
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Pubmed Style

McKitterick T, Trivedi A, Waldron JR. Spontaneous splenic rupture secondary to salmonella bacteraemia: a case report and review of literature. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. Online First: 30 Jul, 2023. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1674207174


Web Style

McKitterick T, Trivedi A, Waldron JR. Spontaneous splenic rupture secondary to salmonella bacteraemia: a case report and review of literature. https://www.mdpub.net/?mno=141341 [Access: December 16, 2023]. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1674207174


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

McKitterick T, Trivedi A, Waldron JR. Spontaneous splenic rupture secondary to salmonella bacteraemia: a case report and review of literature. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. Online First: 30 Jul, 2023. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1674207174



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

McKitterick T, Trivedi A, Waldron JR. Spontaneous splenic rupture secondary to salmonella bacteraemia: a case report and review of literature. Int J Med Rev Case Rep, [cited December 16, 2023]; Online First: 30 Jul, 2023. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1674207174



Harvard Style

McKitterick, T., Trivedi, . A. & Waldron, . J. R. (2023) Spontaneous splenic rupture secondary to salmonella bacteraemia: a case report and review of literature. Int J Med Rev Case Rep, Online First: 30 Jul, 2023. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1674207174



Turabian Style

McKitterick, Tommy, Anand Trivedi, and James Richard Waldron. 2023. Spontaneous splenic rupture secondary to salmonella bacteraemia: a case report and review of literature. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, Online First: 30 Jul, 2023. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1674207174



Chicago Style

McKitterick, Tommy, Anand Trivedi, and James Richard Waldron. "Spontaneous splenic rupture secondary to salmonella bacteraemia: a case report and review of literature." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports Online First: 30 Jul, 2023. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1674207174



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

McKitterick, Tommy, Anand Trivedi, and James Richard Waldron. "Spontaneous splenic rupture secondary to salmonella bacteraemia: a case report and review of literature." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports Online First: 30 Jul, 2023. Web. 16 Dec 2023 doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1674207174



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

McKitterick, T., Trivedi, . A. & Waldron, . J. R. (2023) Spontaneous splenic rupture secondary to salmonella bacteraemia: a case report and review of literature. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, Online First: 30 Jul, 2023. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1674207174