E-ISSN 2534-9821
 

Original Research

Online Publishing Date:
20 / 08 / 2021

 


High Cortisol Levels As A Risk Factor For Poor Sleep Quality In Informal Caregiver Breast Cancer Patients At Sanglah Hospital Denpasar

Rindha Dwi Sihanto, Desak Ketut Indrasari Utami, Anak Agung Ayu Putri Laksmidewi, I Made Oka Adnyana, I Putu Eka Widyadharma, I Gusti Ngurah Budiarsa, I Wayan Sudarsa.


Abstract
Background:
Breast cancer patients have a variety of physical and mental arising from the disease and the result of treatment. Various complaints faced by breast cancer patients lead to high levels of patients' dependence on informal caregivers. This impacts the balance of personal work time with the free time that informal caregivers have to relax so that it triggers stress. High levels of stress lead to high cortisol levels. High levels of cortisol will cause cortisol awakening response and result in poor sleep quality.
Aims:
This study aims to determine high cortisol as a risk factor of poor sleep quality in informal caregiver breast cancer patients at Sanglah Hospital Denpasar.
Methods:
This study is an analytical study with a case-control design in informal caregivers of breast cancer patients from October 2020-January 2021. A total of 58 subjects were divided into case and control groups. From the statistical analysis using SPSS program on bivariate analysis with Chi-square obtained OR = 6.8 (95% Confidence Interval = 2.02-22.90; p = 0.002). Multivariate analysis showed that cortisol serum had a P-value of 0.002.
Conclusion:
High cortisol levels increase the risk of poor sleep quality six times in informal caregivers of breast cancer patients.

Key words: breast cancer, cortisol, informal caregiver, poor sleep quality


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Rindha Dwi Sihanto
Articles by Desak Ketut Indrasari Utami
Articles by Anak Agung Ayu Putri Laksmidewi
Articles by I Made Oka Adnyana
Articles by I Putu Eka Widyadharma
Articles by I Gusti Ngurah Budiarsa
Articles by I Wayan Sudarsa
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sihanto RD, Utami DKI, Laksmidewi AAAP, Adnyana IMO, Widyadharma IPE, Budiarsa IGN, Sudarsa IW. High Cortisol Levels As A Risk Factor For Poor Sleep Quality In Informal Caregiver Breast Cancer Patients At Sanglah Hospital Denpasar. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2021; 5(8): 74-79. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.high-cortisol-level-breast-cancer-607


Web Style

Sihanto RD, Utami DKI, Laksmidewi AAAP, Adnyana IMO, Widyadharma IPE, Budiarsa IGN, Sudarsa IW. High Cortisol Levels As A Risk Factor For Poor Sleep Quality In Informal Caregiver Breast Cancer Patients At Sanglah Hospital Denpasar. https://www.mdpub.net/?mno=51908 [Access: May 31, 2024]. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.high-cortisol-level-breast-cancer-607


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sihanto RD, Utami DKI, Laksmidewi AAAP, Adnyana IMO, Widyadharma IPE, Budiarsa IGN, Sudarsa IW. High Cortisol Levels As A Risk Factor For Poor Sleep Quality In Informal Caregiver Breast Cancer Patients At Sanglah Hospital Denpasar. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2021; 5(8): 74-79. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.high-cortisol-level-breast-cancer-607



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sihanto RD, Utami DKI, Laksmidewi AAAP, Adnyana IMO, Widyadharma IPE, Budiarsa IGN, Sudarsa IW. High Cortisol Levels As A Risk Factor For Poor Sleep Quality In Informal Caregiver Breast Cancer Patients At Sanglah Hospital Denpasar. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. (2021), [cited May 31, 2024]; 5(8): 74-79. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.high-cortisol-level-breast-cancer-607



Harvard Style

Sihanto, R. D., Utami, . D. K. I., Laksmidewi, . A. A. A. P., Adnyana, . I. M. O., Widyadharma, . I. P. E., Budiarsa, . I. G. N. & Sudarsa, . I. W. (2021) High Cortisol Levels As A Risk Factor For Poor Sleep Quality In Informal Caregiver Breast Cancer Patients At Sanglah Hospital Denpasar. Int J Med Rev Case Rep, 5 (8), 74-79. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.high-cortisol-level-breast-cancer-607



Turabian Style

Sihanto, Rindha Dwi, Desak Ketut Indrasari Utami, Anak Agung Ayu Putri Laksmidewi, I Made Oka Adnyana, I Putu Eka Widyadharma, I Gusti Ngurah Budiarsa, and I Wayan Sudarsa. 2021. High Cortisol Levels As A Risk Factor For Poor Sleep Quality In Informal Caregiver Breast Cancer Patients At Sanglah Hospital Denpasar. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 5 (8), 74-79. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.high-cortisol-level-breast-cancer-607



Chicago Style

Sihanto, Rindha Dwi, Desak Ketut Indrasari Utami, Anak Agung Ayu Putri Laksmidewi, I Made Oka Adnyana, I Putu Eka Widyadharma, I Gusti Ngurah Budiarsa, and I Wayan Sudarsa. "High Cortisol Levels As A Risk Factor For Poor Sleep Quality In Informal Caregiver Breast Cancer Patients At Sanglah Hospital Denpasar." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 5 (2021), 74-79. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.high-cortisol-level-breast-cancer-607



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sihanto, Rindha Dwi, Desak Ketut Indrasari Utami, Anak Agung Ayu Putri Laksmidewi, I Made Oka Adnyana, I Putu Eka Widyadharma, I Gusti Ngurah Budiarsa, and I Wayan Sudarsa. "High Cortisol Levels As A Risk Factor For Poor Sleep Quality In Informal Caregiver Breast Cancer Patients At Sanglah Hospital Denpasar." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 5.8 (2021), 74-79. Print. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.high-cortisol-level-breast-cancer-607



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sihanto, R. D., Utami, . D. K. I., Laksmidewi, . A. A. A. P., Adnyana, . I. M. O., Widyadharma, . I. P. E., Budiarsa, . I. G. N. & Sudarsa, . I. W. (2021) High Cortisol Levels As A Risk Factor For Poor Sleep Quality In Informal Caregiver Breast Cancer Patients At Sanglah Hospital Denpasar. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 5 (8), 74-79. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.high-cortisol-level-breast-cancer-607