E-ISSN 2534-9821
 

Review Article

Online Publishing Date:
19 / 07 / 2021

 


Diagnostic and Prognostic Value of Procalcitonin for Bacterial Infection in the Elderly

Nur Chandra Bunawan, Aulia Rizka.


Abstract
Bacterial infections in the elderly are deadly if late detected. Several age-related immunological changes make this population more prone to infection and have atypical presentation when infected. Biomarkers are commonly used to aid in the diagnosis of bacterial infection in the elderly given their subtle clinical presentation. However, traditional biomarkers such as leukocyte, Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR), and C-Reactive Protein (CRP) lack specificity and some biomarkers levels are influenced by medication use. Procalcitonin, a preprocalcitonin derivative, is found to be elevated in the presence of bacterial infection and not affected by immunosuppressive drugs. Procalcitonin is a promising marker for detecting bacterial infection in the elderly. This review tries to describe the rationale and value of procalcitonin to diagnose and prognosticate bacterial infection in the elderly.

Key words: Procalcitonin, Elderly, Bacterial Infection, Diagnostic


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Bunawan NC, Rizka A. Diagnostic and Prognostic Value of Procalcitonin for Bacterial Infection in the Elderly. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2021; 5(8): 14-18. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Procalcitonin-Bacterial-Infection


Web Style

Bunawan NC, Rizka A. Diagnostic and Prognostic Value of Procalcitonin for Bacterial Infection in the Elderly. https://www.mdpub.net/?mno=67998 [Access: May 31, 2024]. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Procalcitonin-Bacterial-Infection


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Bunawan NC, Rizka A. Diagnostic and Prognostic Value of Procalcitonin for Bacterial Infection in the Elderly. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2021; 5(8): 14-18. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Procalcitonin-Bacterial-Infection



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Bunawan NC, Rizka A. Diagnostic and Prognostic Value of Procalcitonin for Bacterial Infection in the Elderly. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. (2021), [cited May 31, 2024]; 5(8): 14-18. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Procalcitonin-Bacterial-Infection



Harvard Style

Bunawan, N. C. & Rizka, . A. (2021) Diagnostic and Prognostic Value of Procalcitonin for Bacterial Infection in the Elderly. Int J Med Rev Case Rep, 5 (8), 14-18. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Procalcitonin-Bacterial-Infection



Turabian Style

Bunawan, Nur Chandra, and Aulia Rizka. 2021. Diagnostic and Prognostic Value of Procalcitonin for Bacterial Infection in the Elderly. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 5 (8), 14-18. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Procalcitonin-Bacterial-Infection



Chicago Style

Bunawan, Nur Chandra, and Aulia Rizka. "Diagnostic and Prognostic Value of Procalcitonin for Bacterial Infection in the Elderly." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 5 (2021), 14-18. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Procalcitonin-Bacterial-Infection



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Bunawan, Nur Chandra, and Aulia Rizka. "Diagnostic and Prognostic Value of Procalcitonin for Bacterial Infection in the Elderly." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 5.8 (2021), 14-18. Print. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Procalcitonin-Bacterial-Infection



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Bunawan, N. C. & Rizka, . A. (2021) Diagnostic and Prognostic Value of Procalcitonin for Bacterial Infection in the Elderly. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 5 (8), 14-18. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Procalcitonin-Bacterial-Infection