E-ISSN 2534-9821
 

Original Research 


Varied presentations of scrotal pathologies on high-frequency ultrasound and colour doppler with review of current knowledge

Bhanupriya Singh, James Marak, Gaurav Raj, Priyanka Rai, Harsha Gara, Arpan Yadav.

Abstract
Introduction: Ultrasonography gives anatomical details of the testicle and surroundings. It can characterize both intratesticular and extra testicular masses and other abnormalities. Vascular perfusion can be easily assessed using colour and spectral Doppler analysis.
Purpose: To classify (etiologically) and evaluate various scrotal pathologies using ultrasonography and describe the role of High-resolution ultrasound and colour Doppler in their diagnosis and differentiation.
Materials and Methods: The study was done on 75 patients who were referred to the Radiology department by the General Surgery and Urology departments for scrotal ultrasound and Doppler study. This study was conducted over a period of 10 months.
Results: Of the 75 patients studied, the incidence of various pathologies was as follows -inflammatory pathology in 26%, congenital in 12%, scrotal hernia in 16%, infertility in 8%, torsion in 7%, tumours in 3.3%, trauma in 3%, and others in 26.7%. The imaging features of these conditions with differentiating hallmarks are described.
Conclusion: ultrasonography enables clear demonstration of the normal testes and epididymis morphology, and any morphological alterations associated with acute or chronic scrotal inflammatory diseases. Colour Doppler is highly sensitive in diagnosing acute scrotal pathology and accurately differentiates testicular ischemia /torsion from acute inflammation.

Key words: Acute scrotal pain, Chronic scrotal pain, Color Doppler, Ultrasound


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Singh B, Marak J, Raj G, Rai P, Gara H, Yadav A. Varied presentations of scrotal pathologies on high-frequency ultrasound and colour doppler with review of current knowledge. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2022; 6(7): 75-83. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1647450344


Web Style

Singh B, Marak J, Raj G, Rai P, Gara H, Yadav A. Varied presentations of scrotal pathologies on high-frequency ultrasound and colour doppler with review of current knowledge. https://www.mdpub.net/?mno=102626 [Access: November 20, 2022]. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1647450344


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Singh B, Marak J, Raj G, Rai P, Gara H, Yadav A. Varied presentations of scrotal pathologies on high-frequency ultrasound and colour doppler with review of current knowledge. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2022; 6(7): 75-83. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1647450344



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Singh B, Marak J, Raj G, Rai P, Gara H, Yadav A. Varied presentations of scrotal pathologies on high-frequency ultrasound and colour doppler with review of current knowledge. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. (2022), [cited November 20, 2022]; 6(7): 75-83. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1647450344



Harvard Style

Singh, B., Marak, . J., Raj, . G., Rai, . P., Gara, . H. & Yadav, . A. (2022) Varied presentations of scrotal pathologies on high-frequency ultrasound and colour doppler with review of current knowledge. Int J Med Rev Case Rep, 6 (7), 75-83. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1647450344



Turabian Style

Singh, Bhanupriya, James Marak, Gaurav Raj, Priyanka Rai, Harsha Gara, and Arpan Yadav. 2022. Varied presentations of scrotal pathologies on high-frequency ultrasound and colour doppler with review of current knowledge. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 6 (7), 75-83. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1647450344



Chicago Style

Singh, Bhanupriya, James Marak, Gaurav Raj, Priyanka Rai, Harsha Gara, and Arpan Yadav. "Varied presentations of scrotal pathologies on high-frequency ultrasound and colour doppler with review of current knowledge." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 6 (2022), 75-83. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1647450344



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Singh, Bhanupriya, James Marak, Gaurav Raj, Priyanka Rai, Harsha Gara, and Arpan Yadav. "Varied presentations of scrotal pathologies on high-frequency ultrasound and colour doppler with review of current knowledge." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 6.7 (2022), 75-83. Print. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1647450344



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Singh, B., Marak, . J., Raj, . G., Rai, . P., Gara, . H. & Yadav, . A. (2022) Varied presentations of scrotal pathologies on high-frequency ultrasound and colour doppler with review of current knowledge. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 6 (7), 75-83. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1647450344