E-ISSN 2534-9821
 

Review Article 


Robot-Assisted Gait Training for Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Literature Review

Panji Sananta, Erinda Rahma Mulia, Lasa Dhakka Siahaan, Thomas Erwin. C. J. Huwae.

Abstract
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a motor dysfunction due to a nonprogressive neurological brain disorder in early development that leads to motor deficits, particularly involving gait and posture. CP is the most common child onset neuromotor disability, affecting over 17 million people worldwide. Most children with CP walk with abnormal gait patterns such as equinus or crouch gait, leading to secondary impairments and low quality of life. The most common treatments for crouch gait include surgery, botulinum toxin injections, physical therapy/strengthening, and orthotic interventions. Orthopaedic surgeries such as hamstring lengthening are advocated when hamstring muscles become excessively short; however, repeat lengthening is contraindicated. Recently, robot-assisted gait training (RAGT) has been used as a repetitive and task-specific therapy for children with CP. Exoskeleton intended to treat crouch gait by providing extension torque at the knee joint and on its ability to increase knee extension during over-ground walking in children with CP. Providing a more upright posture and the accompanying favourable reduction in the knee extensor moment over extended periods of time could be critical for stopping or slowing the progression of crouch through adolescence and early adulthood. The powered exoskeleton significantly altered lower extremity kinematics and reduced the crouch gait. The overall knee range of motion for the entire gait cycle was significantly increased during walking with the powered exoskeleton, resulting in a closer trajectory to that of normal waking. With technology playing an increasing role in health care, there is potential for robot-assisted gait training to play a role in the rehabilitation of people impacted by CP and other neurological conditions. Most studies have identified an emerging body of evidence suggesting that robot-assisted gait training could improve gait in individuals with CP with minimal adverse effects and over long-term use.

Key words: Robot-Assisted Gait Training, Cerebral Palsy, driven gait orthoses, partial body-weight supported treadmill training


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Panji Sananta
Articles by Erinda Rahma Mulia
Articles by Lasa Dhakka Siahaan
Articles by Thomas Erwin. C. J. Huwae
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sananta P, Mulia ER, Siahaan LD, Huwae TECJ. Robot-Assisted Gait Training for Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Literature Review. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2022; 6(7): 9-13. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1640586244


Web Style

Sananta P, Mulia ER, Siahaan LD, Huwae TECJ. Robot-Assisted Gait Training for Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Literature Review. https://www.mdpub.net/?mno=139483 [Access: September 12, 2022]. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1640586244


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sananta P, Mulia ER, Siahaan LD, Huwae TECJ. Robot-Assisted Gait Training for Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Literature Review. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2022; 6(7): 9-13. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1640586244



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sananta P, Mulia ER, Siahaan LD, Huwae TECJ. Robot-Assisted Gait Training for Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Literature Review. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. (2022), [cited September 12, 2022]; 6(7): 9-13. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1640586244



Harvard Style

Sananta, P., Mulia, . E. R., Siahaan, . L. D. & Huwae, . T. E. C. J. (2022) Robot-Assisted Gait Training for Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Literature Review. Int J Med Rev Case Rep, 6 (7), 9-13. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1640586244



Turabian Style

Sananta, Panji, Erinda Rahma Mulia, Lasa Dhakka Siahaan, and Thomas Erwin. C. J. Huwae. 2022. Robot-Assisted Gait Training for Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Literature Review. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 6 (7), 9-13. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1640586244



Chicago Style

Sananta, Panji, Erinda Rahma Mulia, Lasa Dhakka Siahaan, and Thomas Erwin. C. J. Huwae. "Robot-Assisted Gait Training for Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Literature Review." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 6 (2022), 9-13. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1640586244



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sananta, Panji, Erinda Rahma Mulia, Lasa Dhakka Siahaan, and Thomas Erwin. C. J. Huwae. "Robot-Assisted Gait Training for Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Literature Review." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 6.7 (2022), 9-13. Print. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1640586244



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sananta, P., Mulia, . E. R., Siahaan, . L. D. & Huwae, . T. E. C. J. (2022) Robot-Assisted Gait Training for Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Literature Review. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 6 (7), 9-13. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1640586244